Irish Gaelic Words

Adapted from www.gaelicmatters.com.   See also Irish Phrases and Expressions.

Each Irish word is presented in bold, followed by a rough pronunciation in italics and the meaning in normal roman type.

Quick prononciation tip: d with e or i (slender) is often pronounced like ‘j’; with a, o, or u (broad) generally like hard ‘th’. Slender t is often pronounced like ‘ch’; broad t generally like soft ‘th’.

It can be quite daunting at first, but it is nonetheless important to be aware that the form of a word in Irish can and does change, not only in the singular and plural forms, but also depending on whether, and how, it is used in, eg, the nominative, vocative, accusative, and genitive cases. For example:

an fear

on far

the man

hata an fhir

hot-ah on ir

the man's hat

don fhear

dun ar

to the man

na fir

nah fir

the men

hataí na bhfear

hot-ee nah var

the men's hats

do na fir

duh nah fir

to the men

Food

arán

a-rawn

bread

subh

suv

jam

im

im

butter

siúcra

shoo-kra

sugar

salann

sol-in

salt

piobar

piu-bar

pepper

feoil

fyole

meat

glasraí

gloss-ree

vegetables

úll

ool

apple

oráiste

or-osh-te

orange

anraith

an-rah

soup

tae

tay

tea

tráta

traw-ta

tomato

císte

kee-shte

cake

tae

tay

tea

bainne

bon-yeh

milk

caife

ka-fay

coffee

beoir

byo-ir

beer

uisce

ish-ka

water

uisce beatha

ish-ka ba-ha

whiskey (water of life)

Eating

cupán, cupán tae, cupán caifé

kup-on, kup-on tay, kup-on ka-fay

cup, cup of milk, cup of coffee

pláta

plaw-ta

plate

gloine

gli-nya

glass

fo-chupán

fuh kup-on

saucer

scian

shkeen

knife

forc

fork

fork

spúnóg

spoon-ogue

spoon

babhla

bau-la

bowl

buidéal, buidéal uisce

buh-dail, buh-dail ish-ka

bottle, bottle of water

ag ithe

egg ih-ha

eating

bia

bee-ah

food

bialann

bee-ah-lan

restaurant

crúiscín

crew-shkeen

jug

Time

inniu

in-yu

today

inné

in-yay

yesterdayday

amárach

amawrukh

tomorrow

anois

anish

now

arís

areesh

again

nuair

noor

when

Days of the Week

Dé Luain

Day Lune

Monday

Dé Máirt

Day Mart

Tuesday

Dé Céadaoin

Day Kay-deen

Wednesday

Déardaoin

Dare-deen

Thursday

Dé hAoine

Day Heen-ah

Friday

Dé Sathairn

Day Sa-hern

Saturday

Dé Domhnaigh

Day Down-igh

Sunday

Months of the Year

Eanáir

An-awr

January

Feabhra

Fee-yow-ra

February

Márta

Mawr-ta

March

Aibreán

Ab-rawn

April

Bealtaine

Bi-yowl-tin-eh

May

Meitheamh

Meh-hiv

June

Iúil

You-ill

July

Lúnasa

Loon-ass-ah

August

Meán Fómhair

Maan Fo-eer

September

Deireadh Fómhair

Der-eh Fo-eer

October

Samhain

Sow-in (sow as in female pig)

November

Nollaig

Null-ig

December

Counting

a haon, aon bhád amháin, duine amháin, fear amháin

ah-hane, ane vawd a-wawn, dinna a-wawn, far a-wawn

one, one boat, one person, one man

a dó, dhá bhád, beirt, beirt fhear

ah doh, gaw vawd, bert, bert ar

two, two boats, two people, two men

a trí, trí bhád, triúr, triúr fear

tree, troor

three, three boats, three people, three men

a ceathair, ceithre bhád, ceathrar, ceathrar fear

ka-her, ke-rer

four, four boats, four people, four men

a cúig, cúig bhád, cúigear, cúigear fear

koo-ig, kooigar

five, five boats, five people, five men

a sé, sé bhád, seisear, seisear fear

shay, sheshar

six, six boats, six people, six men

a seacht, seacht mbád, seachtar, seachtar fear

shakht mawd, shakhtar

seven, seven boats, seven people, seven men

a hocht, ocht mbád, ochtar, ochtar fear

hukht, ukht, ukhtar

eight, eight boats, eight people, eight men

a naoi, naoi mbád, naonúr, naonúr fear

nee, neenoor

nine, nine boats, nine people, nine men

a deich, deich mbád, deichniúr, deichniúr fear

deh, dehnoor

ten, ten boats, ten people, ten men

Colours

bán

bawn

white

dearg

dar-ig

red

buí

bwee

yellow

gorm

gur-im

blue

glas

gloss

green

oráiste

or-awsh-te

orange

donn

down

brown

liath

lee-ah

grey

bán-dearg

bawn-dar-ig

pink

corcra

kur-kra

purple

People and Family

fear, fir

fahr, fir

man, men

bean, mná

bahn, min-aw

woman, women

cáilín, cailíní

coll-een, coll-een-ee

girl, girls

buachaill, buachaillí

boo-khill, boo-khill-ee

boy, boys

athair, aithreacha

ah-hur, aw-rikh-ah

father, fathers

máthair, máithreacha

maw-her, maw-rikh-ah

mother, mothers

deartháir, deartháireacha

der-hawr, der-haw-rikh-ah

brother, brothers

deirfiúr, deirfiúreacha

der-foor, der-foor-akh-ah

sister, sisters

mac, mic

mock, mick

son, sons

iníon, iníoní

in-een, in-een-ee

daughter, daughters

uncail

un-kill

uncle

aintín

an-teen

aunt

páiste, páistí

pawsh-teh, pawsh-tee

child, children

duine, daoine

din-eh, dee-neh

person, people

Means of Transport

gluaisteán, carr

glewsh-tawn, kawr

car

bus

bus

bus

leoraí

loh-ree

truck

traein

tray-in

train

tarracóir

taw-ra-kore

tractor

rothar

ruh-har

bicycle

eitleán

et-il-awn

airplane

bád

bawd

boat

The House

teach

ty-akh

house

gairdín

gar-deen

garden

pictiúr

pic-tyoor

picture

guthán,

guh-hawn,

telephone

clog

clug

clock

fuinneog

fwin-yogue

window

cathaoir

cah-heer

chair

tolg

tull-ig

sofa, couch

lampa

lawm-pa

lamp

solas

sul-ass

light

bord

bored

table

leabhar

lau-er

book

Parts of the Body

gruaig

grew-ig

hair

súil

soo-il

eye

gualainn

goo-lin

shoulder

lámh

lawve

hand, also arm

ceann

kyan

head

uilinn

ill-inn

elbow

bolg

bull-ig

belly, stomach

cluas

kluss

ear

cos

kuss

leg, also foot

srón

shrone

nose

béal

bay-il

mouth

gliún

glue-in

knee

fiacla

fe-ah-kla

teeth